MARS : OUR FUTURE ABODE
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and the second-smallest planet in the solar system, being larger than only mercury. In English, Mars carries the name of the Roman God of war and is often referred to as the “Red Planet”. The latter refers to the effect of the iron oxide prevalent on Mars’s surface, which gives it a reddish appearance distinctive among the astronomical bodies visible to the naked eye Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, with surface features reminiscent of the impact craters of the moon and the valleys, deserts and polar ice caps of earth.. (Wikipedia)
DID YOU KNOW?
In English, planet was named after the Roman God of war, MARS, who got its name because of its red color, which suggests blood. Mars is from the Latin name Martius, which provides English words Martian, used as a qualifier for things be it living or non living inhabiting the planet Mars. In Greek, the planet is named ‘Apnc Ares’, which gave birth to technical terms like areology, Area and the star name Antares. Mars is also the basis behind the the third month of Gregorian calendar, March. It’s also the basis of the day, Tuesday, where the old Anglo Saxon God Tie was identify with Roman Mars.
Physical Features of Mars
Mars is known for its bright rust color due to the fact that it’s rich in iron materials its regolith. The loose dust and rock covering Mars surface called Regolith, is just like the soil of Earth.
According to NASA, the iron minerals oxidize, or rust, causing the soil to look red. The cold, thin atmosphere means liquid water likely cannot exist on the Martian surface for any length of time. Features called recurring slope lineae may have spurts of briny water flowing on the surface, but this evidence is disputed; some scientists argue the hydrogen spotted from orbit in this region may instead indicate briny salts. This means that although this desert planet is just half the diameter of Earth, it has the same amount of dry land.
The Red Planet is home to both the highest mountain and the deepest, longest valley in the solar system. Olympus Mons is roughly 17 miles (27 kilometers) high, about three times as tall as Mount Everest, while the valles Marineris system of valleys — named after the Mariner 9 probe that discovered it in 1971 — reaches as deep as 6 miles (10 km) and runs east-west for roughly 2,500 miles (4,000 km), about one-fifth of the distance around Mars and close to the width of Australia.
Humans will “absolutely” be on Mars in the future, NASA chief scientist Jim Green told USA sometimes ago., He was reported to have said.
After the “building blocks of life” were discovered on the Red Planet, life on Mars and living on Mars seems to be less like a scene from the movie The Martian and more like a reality.
“Now, we see Mars is an even better location for having past life,” Green said. “It’s just getting better and better.”
Mars is more Earth-like than any other planet in the solar system, making it an attractive second option for the human race. There’s also a natural beauty on the planet: a grand canyon that measures nearly the entire width of the U.S. and a volcano the size of Arizona.
Five amazing and fascinating facts about Mars
1. Color: It’s called the Red Planet because its iron-rich dust gives it landscape a rusty-red color.
2. Diet planet: Mars’s gravity is 38 percent of Earth’s. So if you weigh 60 pounds here, you’d weigh about 23 pounds there.
3. Climate change: At the equator, Mars is a comfortable 80 degrees Fahrenheit, but the temperature at its poles can get down to 199 degrees below zero.
4. In the air: Mars’s atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide with traces of nitrogen and argon. Earth’s atmosphere is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and other gases.
5. Longer days: A Martian day is about 40 minutes longer than a day on Earth.
The plan is to send someone to the planet by 2040. But that’s dependent on quite a few factors.
Here are some obstacles, outlined by Green:
We have to land. Right now, NASA is able to land a 1-ton vehicle on the surface of Mars. For a human to land, it would need to park about 10 tons on the surface. That vehicle would also need to land with precision — mainly not mountains or hills or rocks.
We would need to blast off from Mars. It’s not a one-way ticket, at least right now. That’s why NASA is working on a Mars 2020 rover. “Sometime in the next decade, we plan to blast off the surface of Mars and return.”
Finally, it’s axiom that man won’t stop his quest in establishing an inhabitable environment for human beings to stay in Mars. The plan is to make Mars a second world for interested human beings where they have the liberty to love just like they do on Earth with ease. Several advancements have been made and many are still on board. Two decades to this time, Mars will be our second Earth